# Mastering the Math Facts

## What are the math facts?

Math has lots of “facts” for children to learn. But when we talk about the math facts, we’re talking about the basic single-digit number relationships for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

• Addition facts: 1 + 1 up to 9 + 9
• Subtraction facts: 2 – 1 up to 18 – 9
• Multiplication facts: 1 × 1 up to 10 × 10
• Division facts: 1 ÷ 1 up to 100 ÷ 10

The math facts are the building blocks for all of the more complicated calculations that kids need to learn, like multi-digit multiplication, long division, adding and subtracting fractions, and more.

When kids don’t learn the math facts, they struggle with these harder topics, because they waste so much of their energy on simple calculations. That’s why it’s so essential for your kids to learn these math facts by heart.

## When should your kids learn the math facts?

American math programs usually teach the math facts on this schedule (although different publishers may vary a little):