Mastering the Math Facts

What are the math facts?

Math has lots of “facts” for children to learn. But when we talk about the math facts, we’re talking about the basic single-digit number relationships for addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

  • Addition facts: 1 + 1 up to 9 + 9
  • Subtraction facts: 2 – 1 up to 18 – 9
  • Multiplication facts: 1 × 1 up to 10 × 10
  • Division facts: 1 ÷ 1 up to 100 ÷ 10

The math facts are the building blocks for all of the more complicated calculations that kids need to learn, like multi-digit multiplication, long division, adding and subtracting fractions, and more. 

When kids don’t learn the math facts, they struggle with these harder topics, because they waste so much of their energy on simple calculations. That’s why it’s so essential for your kids to learn these math facts by heart.

When should your kids learn the math facts?

American math programs usually teach the math facts on this schedule (although different publishers may vary a little):

  • Addition facts: 1st grade
  • Subtraction facts: 2nd grade
  • Multiplication facts: 3rd grade
  • Division facts: 4th grade

Each set of facts builds logically on the previous one. So, no matter what grade your child is in, it’s essential that he learn the math facts in this order. If you have a third-grader who doesn’t know the addition facts, start there before moving on to subtraction and multiplication.

Let’s do this!

Ready to help your kids master the math facts? Click below on the in-depth articles on how to tackle each set of math facts. Don’t miss the free, printable assessments you can use to check whether your kids know their math facts, too

Learning the math facts doesn’t have to mean hours of boring, tedious flash card drill. With the right games and teaching techniques, your kids may even find it fun